Thermal studies on proton conductive copolymer thin films based on perfluoroacrylates synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition

Paul Christian, Anna Maria Coclite

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

The thermal properties of ion-conductive materials are crucial for their use in temperature-sensitive applications such as polymer electrolyte fuel cells. In this study, 1H,1H,2H,2H,-perfluorodecyl acrylate and methacrylic acid (MAA) copolymers are synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition. This method is a solvent-free thin film deposition technique, which allows for the preparation of polymers in distinct stoichiometric compositions. The chemical stability of the copolymers was investigated upon elevated temperatures along with other thermal properties. For this, experimental techniques such as infrared spectroscopy and ellipsometry were used. The data show that samples are chemically stable up to 150. °C, a point above which anhydride formation occurs, resulting in the loss of the conductive groups. A second order thermal transition was found at (95. ±. 5) °C for polymers containing 20% MAA, which shifts towards higher temperatures as the MAA content increases. In addition, the water stability was tested. While the membranes show considerable water uptake (over 35% at 60% MAA content), mechanical stability is lacking, resulting in rupture formation and partial dissolution. A possible route to overcome this issue is found in crosslinking, with the addition of 15% ethylene glycol dimethacrylate providing sufficient stability to the polymer.

Originalspracheenglisch
Seiten (von - bis)3–8
FachzeitschriftThin solid films
Jahrgang635
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2017

Fingerprint

Protons
Chemical vapor deposition
copolymers
Polymers
Copolymers
vapor deposition
Thin films
acids
protons
Acids
polymers
thin films
Thermodynamic properties
thermodynamic properties
Conductive materials
Water
Anhydrides
Mechanical stability
Chemical stability
Ellipsometry

Schlagwörter

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • !!Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • !!Surfaces and Interfaces
    • !!Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • !!Metals and Alloys
    • !!Materials Chemistry

    Dies zitieren

    Thermal studies on proton conductive copolymer thin films based on perfluoroacrylates synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition. / Christian, Paul; Coclite, Anna Maria.

    in: Thin solid films, Jahrgang 635, 2017, S. 3–8.

    Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

    @article{ce218413f416471089defe402b9c33af,
    title = "Thermal studies on proton conductive copolymer thin films based on perfluoroacrylates synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition",
    abstract = "The thermal properties of ion-conductive materials are crucial for their use in temperature-sensitive applications such as polymer electrolyte fuel cells. In this study, 1H,1H,2H,2H,-perfluorodecyl acrylate and methacrylic acid (MAA) copolymers are synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition. This method is a solvent-free thin film deposition technique, which allows for the preparation of polymers in distinct stoichiometric compositions. The chemical stability of the copolymers was investigated upon elevated temperatures along with other thermal properties. For this, experimental techniques such as infrared spectroscopy and ellipsometry were used. The data show that samples are chemically stable up to 150. °C, a point above which anhydride formation occurs, resulting in the loss of the conductive groups. A second order thermal transition was found at (95. ±. 5) °C for polymers containing 20{\%} MAA, which shifts towards higher temperatures as the MAA content increases. In addition, the water stability was tested. While the membranes show considerable water uptake (over 35{\%} at 60{\%} MAA content), mechanical stability is lacking, resulting in rupture formation and partial dissolution. A possible route to overcome this issue is found in crosslinking, with the addition of 15{\%} ethylene glycol dimethacrylate providing sufficient stability to the polymer.",
    keywords = "Crosslinker, EGDMA, ICVD, P(PFDA-co-MAA), Spectroscopic ellipsometry, Thermal properties",
    author = "Paul Christian and Coclite, {Anna Maria}",
    year = "2017",
    doi = "10.1016/j.tsf.2017.01.023",
    language = "English",
    volume = "635",
    pages = "3–8",
    journal = "Thin solid films",
    issn = "0040-6090",
    publisher = "Elsevier B.V.",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Thermal studies on proton conductive copolymer thin films based on perfluoroacrylates synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition

    AU - Christian, Paul

    AU - Coclite, Anna Maria

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - The thermal properties of ion-conductive materials are crucial for their use in temperature-sensitive applications such as polymer electrolyte fuel cells. In this study, 1H,1H,2H,2H,-perfluorodecyl acrylate and methacrylic acid (MAA) copolymers are synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition. This method is a solvent-free thin film deposition technique, which allows for the preparation of polymers in distinct stoichiometric compositions. The chemical stability of the copolymers was investigated upon elevated temperatures along with other thermal properties. For this, experimental techniques such as infrared spectroscopy and ellipsometry were used. The data show that samples are chemically stable up to 150. °C, a point above which anhydride formation occurs, resulting in the loss of the conductive groups. A second order thermal transition was found at (95. ±. 5) °C for polymers containing 20% MAA, which shifts towards higher temperatures as the MAA content increases. In addition, the water stability was tested. While the membranes show considerable water uptake (over 35% at 60% MAA content), mechanical stability is lacking, resulting in rupture formation and partial dissolution. A possible route to overcome this issue is found in crosslinking, with the addition of 15% ethylene glycol dimethacrylate providing sufficient stability to the polymer.

    AB - The thermal properties of ion-conductive materials are crucial for their use in temperature-sensitive applications such as polymer electrolyte fuel cells. In this study, 1H,1H,2H,2H,-perfluorodecyl acrylate and methacrylic acid (MAA) copolymers are synthesized by initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition. This method is a solvent-free thin film deposition technique, which allows for the preparation of polymers in distinct stoichiometric compositions. The chemical stability of the copolymers was investigated upon elevated temperatures along with other thermal properties. For this, experimental techniques such as infrared spectroscopy and ellipsometry were used. The data show that samples are chemically stable up to 150. °C, a point above which anhydride formation occurs, resulting in the loss of the conductive groups. A second order thermal transition was found at (95. ±. 5) °C for polymers containing 20% MAA, which shifts towards higher temperatures as the MAA content increases. In addition, the water stability was tested. While the membranes show considerable water uptake (over 35% at 60% MAA content), mechanical stability is lacking, resulting in rupture formation and partial dissolution. A possible route to overcome this issue is found in crosslinking, with the addition of 15% ethylene glycol dimethacrylate providing sufficient stability to the polymer.

    KW - Crosslinker

    KW - EGDMA

    KW - ICVD

    KW - P(PFDA-co-MAA)

    KW - Spectroscopic ellipsometry

    KW - Thermal properties

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85009754362&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.tsf.2017.01.023

    DO - 10.1016/j.tsf.2017.01.023

    M3 - Article

    VL - 635

    SP - 3

    EP - 8

    JO - Thin solid films

    JF - Thin solid films

    SN - 0040-6090

    ER -