Stenotrophomonas comparative genomics reveals genes and functions that differentiate beneficial and pathogenic bacteria

Mohammadali Alavi, Margaret Starcher, Gerhard Thallinger, Christin Zachow, Henry Müller, Gabriele Berg

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikel

Abstract

In recent years, the number of human infections caused by opportunistic pathogens has increased dramatically. Plant rhizospheres are one of the most typical natural reservoirs for these pathogens but they also represent a great source for beneficial microbes with potential for biotechnological applications. However, understanding the natural variation and possible differences between pathogens and beneficials is the main challenge in furthering these possibilities. The genus Stenotrophomonas contains representatives found to be associated with human and plant host. We used comparative genomics as well as transcriptomic and physiological approaches to detect significant borders between the Stenotrophomonas strains: the multi-drug resistant pathogenic S. maltophilia and the plant-associated strains S. maltophilia R551-3 and S. rhizophila DSM14405T (both are biocontrol agents). We found an overall high degree of sequence similarity between the genomes of all three strains. Despite the notable similarity in potential factors responsible for host invasion and antibiotic resistance, other factors including several crucial virulence factors and heat shock proteins were absent in the plant-associated DSM14405T. Instead, S. rhizophila DSM14405T possessed unique genes for the synthesis and transport of the plant-protective spermidine, plant cell-wall degrading enzymes, and high salinity tolerance. Moreover, the presence or absence of bacterial growth at 37°C was identified as a very simple method in differentiating between pathogenic and non-pathogenic isolates. DSM14405T is not able to grow at this human-relevant temperature, most …
Originalspracheenglisch
Seiten (von - bis)482-482
FachzeitschriftBMC Genomics
Jahrgang151
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2014

Fields of Expertise

  • Sonstiges

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