Formation of high viscous inverse lyotropic liquid crystalline phases in situ upon exposure of low viscous drug-loaded lipid preformulations to synovial fluid provides a promising approach for design of depot formulations for intra-articular drug delivery. Rational formulation design relies on a fundamental understanding of the synovial fluid-mediated dynamic structural transitions occurring at the administration site. At conditions mimicking the in vivo situation, we investigated in real-time such transitions at multiple positions by synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) combined with an injection-cell. An injectable diclofenac-loaded quaternary preformulation consisting of 72/8/10/10% (w/w) glycerol monooleate/1,2-dioleoyl-glycero-3-phospho-rac-(1-glycerol)/ethanol/water was injected into hyaluronic acid solution or synovial fluid. A fast generation of a coherent drug depot of inverse bicontinuous Im3m and Pn3m cubic phases was observed. Through construction of 2D spatial maps from measurements performed 60 min after injection of the preformulation, it was possible to differentiate liquid crystalline rich- and excess hyaluronic acid solution- or synovial fluid-rich regimes. Synchrotron SAXS findings confirmed that the exposure of the preformulation to the media leads to alterations in structural features in position- and time-dependent manners. Effects of biologically relevant medium composition on the structural features, and implications for development of formulations with sustained drug release properties are highlighted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Elektronische, optische und magnetische Materialien
- Oberflächen, Beschichtungen und Folien
- Kolloid- und Oberflächenchemie
Fields of Expertise
- Human- & Biotechnology