Removal of heavy metals (Co, Cr, and Zn) during calcium–aluminium–silicate–hydrate and trioctahedral smectite formation

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

Hydrated aluminosilicates were synthesized with and without aqueous heavy metals (Me), such as cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and zinc (Zn), by a sol–gel process at different initial molar ratios of Ca/(Si + Al) (0.6–1.6) and Me/Si (0.0–2.0), and constant Al/Si ratio (0.05) using equilibrium-approaching experiments. The chemical composition of the reactive solutions during aluminosilicate precipitation and maturation was monitored by ICP-OES. The mineralogy, nanostructure, and chemical composition of the precipitates were studied by XRD and high-resolution TEM. At Me/Si ratios ≤ 0.2, calcium–aluminium–silicate–hydrates (C–A–S–H) with a defect 14 Å tobermorite-like structure formed, whereas at a Me/Si ratio of 2.0, either trioctahedral Co- and Zn-smectite or amorphous Cr gels precipitated, independent of the initial Ca/(Si + Al) ratio used for gel synthesis. The immobilization capacities for Co 2 + , Cr 3 + , and Zn 2 + by C–A–S–H, Cr gel, and trioctahedral smectite are 3–40 mg/g, 30–152 mg/g, and 122–141 mg/g, respectively. The immobilization mechanism of heavy metals is based on a combination of isomorphous substitution, interlayer cation exchange, surface (ad)sorption, and surface precipitation. In engineered systems, such as underground concrete structures and nuclear waste disposal sites, hydrated aluminosilicates should exhibit a high detoxication potential for aqueous heavy metals.

Originalspracheenglisch
Seiten (von - bis)9331-9351
FachzeitschriftJournal of Materials Science
Jahrgang54
Ausgabenummer13
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2019

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Chromium
Heavy Metals
Cobalt
Heavy metals
Zinc
Aluminosilicates
Gels
Metals
Radioactive Waste
Mineralogy
Radioactive wastes
Chemical analysis
Waste disposal
Concrete construction
Cations
Sorption
Precipitates
Nanostructures
Ion exchange
Substitution reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • !!Materials Science(all)
  • !!Mechanics of Materials
  • !!Mechanical Engineering

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title = "Removal of heavy metals (Co, Cr, and Zn) during calcium–aluminium–silicate–hydrate and trioctahedral smectite formation",
abstract = "Hydrated aluminosilicates were synthesized with and without aqueous heavy metals (Me), such as cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and zinc (Zn), by a sol–gel process at different initial molar ratios of Ca/(Si + Al) (0.6–1.6) and Me/Si (0.0–2.0), and constant Al/Si ratio (0.05) using equilibrium-approaching experiments. The chemical composition of the reactive solutions during aluminosilicate precipitation and maturation was monitored by ICP-OES. The mineralogy, nanostructure, and chemical composition of the precipitates were studied by XRD and high-resolution TEM. At Me/Si ratios ≤ 0.2, calcium–aluminium–silicate–hydrates (C–A–S–H) with a defect 14 {\AA} tobermorite-like structure formed, whereas at a Me/Si ratio of 2.0, either trioctahedral Co- and Zn-smectite or amorphous Cr gels precipitated, independent of the initial Ca/(Si + Al) ratio used for gel synthesis. The immobilization capacities for Co 2 + , Cr 3 + , and Zn 2 + by C–A–S–H, Cr gel, and trioctahedral smectite are 3–40 mg/g, 30–152 mg/g, and 122–141 mg/g, respectively. The immobilization mechanism of heavy metals is based on a combination of isomorphous substitution, interlayer cation exchange, surface (ad)sorption, and surface precipitation. In engineered systems, such as underground concrete structures and nuclear waste disposal sites, hydrated aluminosilicates should exhibit a high detoxication potential for aqueous heavy metals.",
author = "Andre Baldermann and Andreas Landler and Florian Mittermayr and Ilse Letofsky-Papst and Florian Steindl and Isabel Galan and Martin Dietzel",
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T1 - Removal of heavy metals (Co, Cr, and Zn) during calcium–aluminium–silicate–hydrate and trioctahedral smectite formation

AU - Baldermann, Andre

AU - Landler, Andreas

AU - Mittermayr, Florian

AU - Letofsky-Papst, Ilse

AU - Steindl, Florian

AU - Galan, Isabel

AU - Dietzel, Martin

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Hydrated aluminosilicates were synthesized with and without aqueous heavy metals (Me), such as cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and zinc (Zn), by a sol–gel process at different initial molar ratios of Ca/(Si + Al) (0.6–1.6) and Me/Si (0.0–2.0), and constant Al/Si ratio (0.05) using equilibrium-approaching experiments. The chemical composition of the reactive solutions during aluminosilicate precipitation and maturation was monitored by ICP-OES. The mineralogy, nanostructure, and chemical composition of the precipitates were studied by XRD and high-resolution TEM. At Me/Si ratios ≤ 0.2, calcium–aluminium–silicate–hydrates (C–A–S–H) with a defect 14 Å tobermorite-like structure formed, whereas at a Me/Si ratio of 2.0, either trioctahedral Co- and Zn-smectite or amorphous Cr gels precipitated, independent of the initial Ca/(Si + Al) ratio used for gel synthesis. The immobilization capacities for Co 2 + , Cr 3 + , and Zn 2 + by C–A–S–H, Cr gel, and trioctahedral smectite are 3–40 mg/g, 30–152 mg/g, and 122–141 mg/g, respectively. The immobilization mechanism of heavy metals is based on a combination of isomorphous substitution, interlayer cation exchange, surface (ad)sorption, and surface precipitation. In engineered systems, such as underground concrete structures and nuclear waste disposal sites, hydrated aluminosilicates should exhibit a high detoxication potential for aqueous heavy metals.

AB - Hydrated aluminosilicates were synthesized with and without aqueous heavy metals (Me), such as cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and zinc (Zn), by a sol–gel process at different initial molar ratios of Ca/(Si + Al) (0.6–1.6) and Me/Si (0.0–2.0), and constant Al/Si ratio (0.05) using equilibrium-approaching experiments. The chemical composition of the reactive solutions during aluminosilicate precipitation and maturation was monitored by ICP-OES. The mineralogy, nanostructure, and chemical composition of the precipitates were studied by XRD and high-resolution TEM. At Me/Si ratios ≤ 0.2, calcium–aluminium–silicate–hydrates (C–A–S–H) with a defect 14 Å tobermorite-like structure formed, whereas at a Me/Si ratio of 2.0, either trioctahedral Co- and Zn-smectite or amorphous Cr gels precipitated, independent of the initial Ca/(Si + Al) ratio used for gel synthesis. The immobilization capacities for Co 2 + , Cr 3 + , and Zn 2 + by C–A–S–H, Cr gel, and trioctahedral smectite are 3–40 mg/g, 30–152 mg/g, and 122–141 mg/g, respectively. The immobilization mechanism of heavy metals is based on a combination of isomorphous substitution, interlayer cation exchange, surface (ad)sorption, and surface precipitation. In engineered systems, such as underground concrete structures and nuclear waste disposal sites, hydrated aluminosilicates should exhibit a high detoxication potential for aqueous heavy metals.

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DO - 10.1007/s10853-019-03541-5

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 9331

EP - 9351

JO - Journal of Materials Science

JF - Journal of Materials Science

SN - 0022-2461

IS - 13

ER -