Polarisation in spin-echo experiments: Multi-point and lock-in measurements

Anton Tamtögl, Benjamin Davey, David J. Ward, Andrew P. Jardine, John Ellis, William Allison

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

Spin-echo instruments are typically used to measure diffusive processes and the dynamics and motion in samples on ps and ns time scales. A key aspect of the spin-echo technique is to determine the polarisation of a particle beam. We present two methods for measuring the spin polarisation in spin-echo experiments. The current method in use is based on taking a number of discrete readings. The implementation of a new method involves continuously rotating the spin and measuring its polarisation after being scattered from the sample. A control system running on a microcontroller is used to perform the spin rotation and to calculate the polarisation of the scattered beam based on a lock-in amplifier. First experimental tests of the method on a helium spin-echo spectrometer show that it is clearly working and that it has advantages over the discrete approach, i.e., it can track changes of the beam properties throughout the experiment. Moreover, we show that real-time numerical simulations can perfectly describe a complex experiment and can be easily used to develop improved experimental methods prior to a first hardware implementation.
Originalspracheenglisch
Aufsatznummer023902
FachzeitschriftReview of scientific instruments
Jahrgang89
Ausgabenummer2
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Feb 2018

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echoes
Polarization
polarization
Particle beams
Spin polarization
Experiments
Microcontrollers
Helium
Spectrometers
Hardware
Control systems
Computer simulation
particle beams
hardware
amplifiers
helium
spectrometers
simulation

Schlagwörter

    Fields of Expertise

    • Advanced Materials Science

    Dies zitieren

    Polarisation in spin-echo experiments: Multi-point and lock-in measurements. / Tamtögl, Anton; Davey, Benjamin; Ward, David J.; Jardine, Andrew P.; Ellis, John; Allison, William.

    in: Review of scientific instruments, Jahrgang 89, Nr. 2, 023902, 01.02.2018.

    Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

    Tamtögl, Anton ; Davey, Benjamin ; Ward, David J. ; Jardine, Andrew P. ; Ellis, John ; Allison, William. / Polarisation in spin-echo experiments: Multi-point and lock-in measurements. in: Review of scientific instruments. 2018 ; Jahrgang 89, Nr. 2.
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    abstract = "Spin-echo instruments are typically used to measure diffusive processes and the dynamics and motion in samples on ps and ns time scales. A key aspect of the spin-echo technique is to determine the polarisation of a particle beam. We present two methods for measuring the spin polarisation in spin-echo experiments. The current method in use is based on taking a number of discrete readings. The implementation of a new method involves continuously rotating the spin and measuring its polarisation after being scattered from the sample. A control system running on a microcontroller is used to perform the spin rotation and to calculate the polarisation of the scattered beam based on a lock-in amplifier. First experimental tests of the method on a helium spin-echo spectrometer show that it is clearly working and that it has advantages over the discrete approach, i.e., it can track changes of the beam properties throughout the experiment. Moreover, we show that real-time numerical simulations can perfectly describe a complex experiment and can be easily used to develop improved experimental methods prior to a first hardware implementation.",
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    AU - Tamtögl, Anton

    AU - Davey, Benjamin

    AU - Ward, David J.

    AU - Jardine, Andrew P.

    AU - Ellis, John

    AU - Allison, William

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    AB - Spin-echo instruments are typically used to measure diffusive processes and the dynamics and motion in samples on ps and ns time scales. A key aspect of the spin-echo technique is to determine the polarisation of a particle beam. We present two methods for measuring the spin polarisation in spin-echo experiments. The current method in use is based on taking a number of discrete readings. The implementation of a new method involves continuously rotating the spin and measuring its polarisation after being scattered from the sample. A control system running on a microcontroller is used to perform the spin rotation and to calculate the polarisation of the scattered beam based on a lock-in amplifier. First experimental tests of the method on a helium spin-echo spectrometer show that it is clearly working and that it has advantages over the discrete approach, i.e., it can track changes of the beam properties throughout the experiment. Moreover, we show that real-time numerical simulations can perfectly describe a complex experiment and can be easily used to develop improved experimental methods prior to a first hardware implementation.

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    KW - Atomic and molecular beams

    KW - Polarisation measurement

    KW - Diffusion

    KW - Lock-in amplifier

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