In this work an investigation is described on the use of organically modified montmorillonite clay particles as stabilizers of bioplastic films based on xylan. With the aim of facilitating the incorporation of the nanoparticles to the films, the former were treated with a non-ionic surfactant, inulin. In order to evaluate the possible role of electrostatic interactions in the formation of montmorillonite/xylan complexes, an exhaustive electrokinetic characterization of the modified montmorillonite was carried out. Because montmorillonite has been modified by adsorption of the cationic surfactant DSDMAC, the electrophoretic mobility of montmorillonite in the absence of inulin is positive in a wide range of concentration of NaCl and CaCl2. On the contrary, addition of KBr provokes a charge inversion when the salt concentration is around 0.05M, suggesting adsorption of Br- ions. In the presence of inulin, the positive electrophoretic mobility decreases with the concentration of this surfactant, and this can be explained by assuming that inulin adsorption is accompanied by simultaneous DSDMAC desorption, eventually producing charge inversion, particularly in the presence of bromide ions. A thorough characterization of the wettability of the xylan films demonstrated that it is dominated by acid-base interactions and that incorporation of inulin-coated montmorillonite leads to a considerable reduction of the hydrophilic character of the films. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Elektronische, optische und magnetische Materialien
- Oberflächen, Beschichtungen und Folien
- Kolloid- und Oberflächenchemie