Numerical Investigation of a Swirl Stabilized Methane Fired Burner and Validation With Experimental Data

Publikation: KonferenzbeitragPaperForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

In modern gas turbines for power generation and future aircraft engines, the necessity to reduce NOx emissions led to the implementation of a premixed combustion technology under fuel-lean conditions. In the combustion chamber of these systems, extreme pressure amplitudes can occur due to the unsteady heat release, reducing component life time or causing unexpected shutdown events. In order to understand and predict these instabilities, an accurate knowledge of the combustion process is inevitable. This study, which was provided by numerical methods, such as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is based on a three-dimensional (3D) geometry representing a premixed swirl-stabilized methane-fired burner configuration with a known flow field in the vicinity of the burner and well defined operating conditions. Numerical simulations of the swirl-stabilized methane-fired burner have been carried out using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent. The main objective is to validate the performance of various combustion models with different complexity by comparing against experimental data. Experiments have been performed for the swirl-stabilized methane-fired burner applying different technologies. Velocity fluctuation measurements have been carried out and validated through several techniques, such as Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). Laser Interferometric Vibrometry (LIV) provided information on heat release fluctuations and OH*-chemiluminescence measurements have been done to identify the position of the main reaction zone. During the first part of the CFD investigation, the cold flow has been simulated applying different turbulence models and the velocity flow field obtained in the experiments has been compared with the numerical results. As next, the study focuses on the numerical analysis of the thermo-chemical processes in the main reaction zone. Few combustion models have been investigated beginning from Eddy Dissipation Model (EDM) and proceeding with increased complexity investigating the Steady Flamelet Model (SLF) and Flamelet Generated Manifold (FGM). An evaluation of the velocity field and temperature profile has been performed for all models used in order to test the validity of the numerical approach for the chosen geometry. The best option for future investigations of gas turbines has been identified.
Originalspracheenglisch
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 5 Nov 2019
VeranstaltungASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference & Exhibition - Phoenix, USA / Vereinigte Staaten
Dauer: 17 Jun 201921 Jun 2019

Konferenz

KonferenzASME Turbo Expo 2019
LandUSA / Vereinigte Staaten
OrtPhoenix
Zeitraum17/06/1921/06/19

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Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production

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