Large-scale urban hydrological modelling at high spatial resolution: requirements and applications

Gerald Krebs, Teemu Kokkonen, Marjo Valtanen, Harri Koivusalo

Publikation: Beitrag in Buch/Bericht/KonferenzbandBeitrag in einem KonferenzbandBegutachtung

Abstract

Urbanization and associated increase of imperviousness alters the hydrological
cycle of urbanizing catchments. Low Impact Development (LID) tools have been
developed and applied to mitigate these hydrological impacts. Hydrological
models are one way to evaluate the performance of LID tools before their
implementation. As these tools represent small-scale hydrological processes,
hydrological models used in assessment require a high spatial and temporal
resolution in their process descriptions. Both flow and rainfall data at high
recording frequencies (e.g. 1 min) are usually not available for large urban
catchments and detail in spatial data for surface description has to be
complemented through on-site observations. Thus, the assessment of LID
performance for large urban areas has to overcome these constraints. Previous
studies provide suggestions to overcome the lack of flow data for model
calibration through parameter regionalization. Recently presented methods for
reductions in spatial resolution while maintaining a detailed surface description
provide a feasible way to characterize large urban catchments for LID
performance assessment. However, rainfall data at high temporal and spatial
resolution remains a key element for hydrological model applications in urban
areas. We evaluated the impact of spatial and temporal rainfall variability on
model performance using the Stormwater Management Model (SWMM) and
high-resolution parameterizations of three urban catchments in combination with two rain gauges. While the distance between rain station and catchment did not affect model parameters we found a reduction in model efficiency with an
increasing rain station distance from the catchment.
Originalspracheenglisch
TitelThe Sustainable City IX
Herausgeber (Verlag)WIT Press
Seiten1593
Seitenumfang1602
Band2
ISBN (Print)978-1-78466-024-6
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2014
Extern publiziertJa
Veranstaltung9th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability - Siena, Italien
Dauer: 23 Sep. 201425 Sep. 2014

Publikationsreihe

NameWIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment
Band191,2

Konferenz

Konferenz9th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability
Land/GebietItalien
OrtSiena
Zeitraum23/09/1425/09/14

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