This combined experimental and theoretical study answers the question whether the intramolecular hydrogen-bond strength in amino alcohols is dependent on the ring size. For this purpose, the rotational spectrum of the 3-aminopropanol–H2O van der Waals complex was recorded using Fourier-transform microwave spectroscopy and fit to the rotational, quadrupole coupling, and centrifugal distortion constants of the Watson A-reduction Hamiltonian. The experimental results are consistent with an ab initio conformation calculated at the MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level that involves the lowest energy 3-aminopropanol monomer and consists of a hydrogen bonding network. The calculated global minimum ab initio complex however comprises a higher energy monomer conformation of 3-aminopropanol. Upon complex formation with water, the O–H····N intramolecular hydrogen bond and OCCN backbone conformation of the lower energy monomer remain unchanged, in contrast to 2-aminoethanol. This behavior is consistent with the increasing strength of the intramolecular hydrogen bond of linear amino alcohols as a function of increasing chain length.
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science
Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)
- Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)