We present a geometrically exact nonlinear analysis of elastic in-plane beams in the context of finite but small strain theory. The formulation utilizes the full beam metric and obtains the complete analytic elastic constitutive model by employing the exact relation between the reference and equidistant strains. Thus, we account for the nonlinear strain distribution over the thickness of a beam. In addition to the full analytical constitutive model, four simplified ones are presented. Their comparison provides a thorough examination of the influence of a beam's metric on the structural response. As a benchmark result, an analytical solution for a pure bending of a strongly curved cantilever beam is derived. We show that the appropriate formulation depends on the curviness of a beam at all configurations. Furthermore, the nonlinear distribution of strain along the thickness of strongly curved beams must be considered to obtain a complete and accurate response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Tief- und Ingenieurbau