Fuel Cells and Hydrogen: From Fundamentals to Applied Research

Viktor Hacker, Shigenori Mitsushima

Publikation: Buch/Bericht/KonferenzbandBuch (Herausgeberwerk)ForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

The five major types of fuel cells (PEFC, PAFC, AFC, MCFC, and SOFC) are differentiated mainly on the basis of their electrolytes. International research and commercialization efforts in the low-temperature region are focused on PEFC development. This chapter provides a short introduction to additional low-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs).

The motivations to develop these different types of fuel cells are manifold. The requirement of higher operating temperatures for combined heat and power generation, as well as for efficient heat removal, leads to the development of high-temperature PEFCs, the possibility of replacing expensive noble metal catalysts to alkaline fuel cells, and the necessity of utilizing liquid fuels for direct fuel cells, such as direct alcohol fuel cells, direct borohydride fuel cells, or direct hydrazine fuel cells. The complex reaction mechanisms of liquid fuels increases the overvoltage losses, and the produced inert diluent CO2 has to be removed from the electrode, and vented from the system.
Originalspracheenglisch
ErscheinungsortAmsterdam
VerlagElsevier B.V.
Seitenumfang276
ISBN (elektronisch)9780128115374
ISBN (Print)9780128114599
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 19 Jul 2018

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Fuel cells
Hydrogen
Electrolytes
Liquid fuels
Polymers
Direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFC)
Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFC)
Phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFC)
Alkaline fuel cells
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Temperature
Hydrazine
Heat generation
Precious metals
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Power generation
Electrodes
Catalysts

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production

Dies zitieren

Hacker, V., & Mitsushima, S. (2018). Fuel Cells and Hydrogen: From Fundamentals to Applied Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V.

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen : From Fundamentals to Applied Research. / Hacker, Viktor; Mitsushima, Shigenori.

Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V., 2018. 276 S.

Publikation: Buch/Bericht/KonferenzbandBuch (Herausgeberwerk)ForschungBegutachtung

Hacker, V & Mitsushima, S 2018, Fuel Cells and Hydrogen: From Fundamentals to Applied Research. Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam.
Hacker V, Mitsushima S. Fuel Cells and Hydrogen: From Fundamentals to Applied Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., 2018. 276 S.
Hacker, Viktor ; Mitsushima, Shigenori. / Fuel Cells and Hydrogen : From Fundamentals to Applied Research. Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V., 2018. 276 S.
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