Fast and accurate CFD-model for NOx emission prediction during oxy-fuel combustion of natural gas using detailed chemical kinetics

C. Schluckner, C. Gaber, M. Landfahrer, M. Demuth, C. Hochenauer

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

Accurate prediction of NOx emission is essential in designing combustion devices and troubleshooting of existing ones. The aim of this work is to investigate the sensitivity of NOx formation during the combustion of natural gas with oxygen using a numerically inexpensive computational fluid dynamics model. To this end, an industrial jet burner was experimentally and numerically analysed for NOx formation at 600 kW controlled at 1320 and 1450°C during the combustion of natural gas with pure oxygen and oxidizer mixtures containing up to 10%v nitrogen. Two mixture-fraction based and two classical species transport models were investigated for their ability to: (1) predict the flame shape and temperature, (2) calculate the OH and CH emissions driving the NOx formation, and (3) fast and accurately predict the NOx emissions during oxy-fuel combustion and during the presence of low nitrogen amounts in the oxidizer. The study shows that the widely-used steady-flamelet model fails to correctly predict the flame shape and temperature, due to a too low velocity difference between the oxidizer and the fuel. It is highlighted that only the partially-premixed steady flamelet model predicted the flame shape and the NOx formation rates adequately, fitting the experimental and numerical data closely. Moreover, the shear rate in the annular gap was identified as a crucial parameter for the applicability of mixture fraction-based models. Species transport models should be used for validity checks but they disqualify as fast-solving alternatives due to their high computational demand (EDC) or lack of detailed chemistry interaction (EDM).

Originalspracheenglisch
Aufsatznummer116841
FachzeitschriftFuel
Jahrgang264
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 15 Mär 2020

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Reaction kinetics
Natural gas
Computational fluid dynamics
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fuel burners
Shear deformation
Dynamic models
Temperature

Schlagwörter

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • !!Chemical Engineering(all)
    • !!Fuel Technology
    • !!Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Organische Chemie

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    Fast and accurate CFD-model for NOx emission prediction during oxy-fuel combustion of natural gas using detailed chemical kinetics. / Schluckner, C.; Gaber, C.; Landfahrer, M.; Demuth, M.; Hochenauer, C.

    in: Fuel, Jahrgang 264, 116841, 15.03.2020.

    Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

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    abstract = "Accurate prediction of NOx emission is essential in designing combustion devices and troubleshooting of existing ones. The aim of this work is to investigate the sensitivity of NOx formation during the combustion of natural gas with oxygen using a numerically inexpensive computational fluid dynamics model. To this end, an industrial jet burner was experimentally and numerically analysed for NOx formation at 600 kW controlled at 1320 and 1450°C during the combustion of natural gas with pure oxygen and oxidizer mixtures containing up to 10{\%}v nitrogen. Two mixture-fraction based and two classical species transport models were investigated for their ability to: (1) predict the flame shape and temperature, (2) calculate the OH and CH emissions driving the NOx formation, and (3) fast and accurately predict the NOx emissions during oxy-fuel combustion and during the presence of low nitrogen amounts in the oxidizer. The study shows that the widely-used steady-flamelet model fails to correctly predict the flame shape and temperature, due to a too low velocity difference between the oxidizer and the fuel. It is highlighted that only the partially-premixed steady flamelet model predicted the flame shape and the NOx formation rates adequately, fitting the experimental and numerical data closely. Moreover, the shear rate in the annular gap was identified as a crucial parameter for the applicability of mixture fraction-based models. Species transport models should be used for validity checks but they disqualify as fast-solving alternatives due to their high computational demand (EDC) or lack of detailed chemistry interaction (EDM).",
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    AU - Schluckner, C.

    AU - Gaber, C.

    AU - Landfahrer, M.

    AU - Demuth, M.

    AU - Hochenauer, C.

    PY - 2020/3/15

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