Fabricating lightweight ceramics by spraying clay on knitted structures

Lukas Gosch*, Julian Jauk, Hana Vasatko, Elizabeta Šamec, Matteo Raffaelli, Stefan Rutzinger, Milena Stavric

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftKonferenzartikelBegutachtung


This research was carried out to develop a novel composite material consisting of a thread reinforcement and
a clay matrix, as well as to develop a method of shaping this material into hollow spatial structures. Ceramic
elements in the building industry are currently created by applying extruding, pressing and casting methods.
The approach of spraying clay onto predefined knitted meshes increases the usability of digitally fabricated lightweight ceramic elements, while eliminating the need for scaffolding. In this approach, multiple layers of a fluid clay mass are sprayed onto the tensioned mesh using an industrial, six-axis robotic arm. This allows the precise application of the material and results in varying material thicknesses. Due to the complementary qualities of clay which absorbs compressive forces and threads which absorb tensile forces, lightweight structures can be created. The research involved experimenting with clay mixtures, several thread types, knitting methods and spraying techniques, as well as fabricating a 1:1 lightweight module as an architectural
Seiten (von - bis)693-706
FachzeitschriftInternational Journal of Architectural Computing
Frühes Online-Datum18 Okt. 2022
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Dez. 2022
Veranstaltung40th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe: eCAADe 2022 - Ghent, Belgien
Dauer: 13 Sep. 202216 Sep. 2022


  • ceramics
  • knitted threads
  • digital fabrication
  • mesh formwork
  • six-axis robotic arm
  • spraying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bauwesen
  • Angewandte Informatik
  • Computergrafik und computergestütztes Design

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science


Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „Fabricating lightweight ceramics by spraying clay on knitted structures“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.

Dieses zitieren