In this study, a high-temperature combustion chamber was fueled with oil-water-emulsions (OWE) and coal-water-slurry (CWS) from pyrolytic carbon black in order to experimentally examine the feasibility of co-processing low-calorific value fuels in industrial high-temperature applications by using pure oxygen as oxidizer. The present paper is the first report on the oxy-fuel combustion characteristics of liquid fuels with a pronounced water content including flame characteristics, temperature distribution, thermal output and emission measurements in a semi-industrial combustion chamber at a thermal input of 300 kW and ambient pressure. The obtained results demonstrated the beneficial character of oxy-fuel combustion and showed that co-processing of OWE and CWS from pCB with pronounced water contents is technically feasible. A stable oxy-fuel combustion of OWE was achieved with water contents of up to 75 wt%. In addition, a successful combustion of CWS with a water content of 65 wt% and oxygen concentrations above 50 vol.% was observed. The obtained results further demonstrated the beneficial character of oxy-fuel combustion of OWE and CWS especially with regard to reduced NOx emissions. The combustion of OWE with a water content of 75 wt% resulted in a significant reduction of the NOx concentration compared to pure heating oil, namely from 760 to 110 ppm, whereas the maximum temperature of the combustion chamber decreased only slightly, while in the case of CWS combustion, the concentration of CO emitted decreased significantly from 34 to 9 ppm by increasing the oxygen concentration in the oxidizer from 50 to 100 vol.%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemische Verfahrenstechnik (insg.)
- Energieanlagenbau und Kraftwerkstechnik
- Organische Chemie