Cloning and characterization of a new delta-specific L-leucine dioxygenase from Anabaena variabilis

Raquel S. Correia Cordeiro, Junichi Enoki, Florian Busch, Carolin Mügge, Robert Kourist

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

Optically pure hydroxy amino acids show several bioactivities and are valuable building blocks for the pharmaceutical industry. Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate dependent dioxygenases catalyze the hydroxylation or sulfoxidation of L-amino acids with high regio- and stereoselectivity. While several β- and γ-specific enzymes have been described, only one δ-specific hydroxylase has been reported so far. Based on its similarity to the known L-leucine 5-hydroxylase from Nostoc punctiforme, an open reading frame from the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis was identified as putative L-leucine dioxygenase (AvLDO). Here we report the cloning and characterization of this dioxygenase. The enzyme showed a high preference for acidic conditions and moderate reaction temperatures. AvLDO catalyzed the regio- and stereoselective hydroxylation of several aliphatic amino acids in δ-position. In case of the sulfoxidation of L-methionine, AvLDO produced the opposite diastereomer than isoleucine dioxygenase. AvLDO is thus an interesting addition to the toolbox of Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate dependent dioxygenases. On the genomic DNA of Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413, the avldo gene is located on a gene cluster involved (2S,4S)-4-methylproline biosynthesis, which is contained in bioactive peptides often found from cyanobacteria. This fact suggests the metabolic functional role of this amino acid dioxygenase in cyanobacteria.

Originalspracheenglisch
Seiten (von - bis)68-74
Seitenumfang7
FachzeitschriftJournal of Biotechnology
Jahrgang284
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 20 Okt 2018

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Anabaena variabilis
Dioxygenases
Cloning
Leucine
Amino acids
Organism Cloning
Hydroxylation
Enzymes
Genes
Cyanobacteria
Stereoselectivity
Regioselectivity
Amino Acids
Biosynthesis
Bioactivity
Drug products
Peptides
Mixed Function Oxygenases
DNA
Nostoc

Schlagwörter

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Bioengineering
    • !!Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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    Cloning and characterization of a new delta-specific L-leucine dioxygenase from Anabaena variabilis. / Correia Cordeiro, Raquel S.; Enoki, Junichi; Busch, Florian; Mügge, Carolin; Kourist, Robert.

    in: Journal of Biotechnology, Jahrgang 284, 20.10.2018, S. 68-74.

    Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

    Correia Cordeiro, Raquel S. ; Enoki, Junichi ; Busch, Florian ; Mügge, Carolin ; Kourist, Robert. / Cloning and characterization of a new delta-specific L-leucine dioxygenase from Anabaena variabilis. in: Journal of Biotechnology. 2018 ; Jahrgang 284. S. 68-74.
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    AU - Mügge, Carolin

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