Chiral Separation via Molecular Sieving: A Computational Screening of Suitable Functionalizations for Nanoporous Graphene

Samuel M. Fruehwirth, Ralf Meyer, Andreas W. Hauser

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

In a recent study [Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2014, 53, 9957–9960] a new concept of chiral separation has been suggested, which is based on functionalized, nanoporous sheets of graphene. In this follow-up article we discuss the underlying principle in greater detail and make suggestions for suitable pore functionalizations with respect to a selection of chiral prototype molecules. Considering drug molecules as future targets for a chiral separation via membranes, the necessary pore sizes represent a big challenge for standard methods of computational chemistry. Therefore, we test two common force fields (GAFF, CGenFF) as well as a semiempirical tight-binding approach recently developed by the Grimme group (GFN-xTB) against the computationally much more expensive density functional theory. We identify the GFN-xTB method as the most suitable approach for future simulations of functionalized pores for the given purpose, as it is able to produce reaction pathways in very good agreement with density functional theory, even in cases where force fields tend to an extreme overestimation of barrier heights.

Originalspracheenglisch
Seiten (von - bis)2331-2339
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftChemPhysChem
Jahrgang19
Ausgabenummer18
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 18 Sep 2018

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Density functional theory
Screening
graphene
screening
Computational chemistry
porosity
field theory (physics)
Molecules
density functional theory
Pore size
computational chemistry
Membranes
suggestion
molecules
drugs
prototypes
Pharmaceutical Preparations
membranes
simulation

Schlagwörter

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • !!Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • !!Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

    Fields of Expertise

    • Advanced Materials Science

    Dies zitieren

    Chiral Separation via Molecular Sieving : A Computational Screening of Suitable Functionalizations for Nanoporous Graphene. / Fruehwirth, Samuel M.; Meyer, Ralf; Hauser, Andreas W.

    in: ChemPhysChem, Jahrgang 19, Nr. 18, 18.09.2018, S. 2331-2339.

    Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

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