Chemolithotrophy on the Noachian Martian brecciaNWA 7034 via experimental microbialbiotransformation

Tetyana Milojevic*, Mihaela Albu, Denise Kölbl, Gerald Kothleitner, Robert Bruner, Matthew Morgan

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikel

Abstract

Multiple lines of evidence indicate an active hydrogeological history of Mars andchemolithoautotrophy-suited environments within its Noachian terrains. As a result, one ofthe primary aims of upcoming missions to Mars is to search for signs of ancient life. Here wereport on laboratory-scaled microbially assisted chemolithoautotrophic biotransformation ofthe Noachian Martian breccia Northwest Africa (NWA) 7034 composed of ancient (~4.5 Gyrold) crustal materials from Mars. Nanoanalytical hyperspectral analysis provides clues for thetrafficking and distribution of meteorite inorganic constituents in the microbial cell. Wedecipher biomineralization patterns associated with the biotransformation and revealmicrobial nanometer-sized lithologies located inside the cell and on its outer surface layer.These investigations provide an opportunity to trace the putative bioalteration processes ofthe Martian crust and to assess the potential biogenicity of Martian materials.
Originalspracheenglisch
Aufsatznummer39
Seitenumfang10
FachzeitschriftCommunications Earth & Environment
Jahrgang2
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • !!Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)

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