To accurately simulate the mechanical properties of rockfill materials under triaxial stress using the discrete element method (DEM), the microparameters of the rockfill material DEM model are calibrated based on the macroparameters of a constitutive model. For the calibration model, a refined 3-D numerical triaxial test is established to obtain the deformation curves of the rockfill under different confining pressures. Deformation curves with different microparameters in the contact model are then calculated by numerical triaxial tests to determine the macroparameters of the constitutive model. Then, a nonlinear relationship between the macroparameters of the E-B model and the microparameters of the contact bond model is built by a relevance vector machine. A memetic algorithm is employed to calibrate the microparameters of the rockfill, thereby establishing a calibration model based on a relevance vector machine and a memetic algorithm. Afterwards, a numerical triaxial test example of rockfill materials is used to verify the feasibility of this calibration model, and then the fabric microparameters under different confining pressures are analysed. In addition, to determine the influence region, a failure process of a rockfill slope is simulated with the calibrated microparameters of the DEM model. In summary, this calibration method substantially improves the numerical results, thereby enhancing the ability to determine the mechanical properties of construction materials and solve various problems in engineering.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ingenieurwesen (insg.)